Types of Structural Steel Framing Systems for Buildings

Different types of structural steel framing systems are as follow:

  • Skeleton steel framing
  • Wall bearing steel framing 
  • Long span steel framing

Skeleton Steel Framing System

Skeleton steel frame is made of steel beams and columns which are attached using proper connection. Steel beams around the perimeter of the structure are termed spandrel beams on which masonry walls are placed. 

There are different types and configurations of steel connections that are used to connect steel beams to columns in the skeleton frame structures, for example, bolt connections and welded connections. 

Wall Bearing Steel Framing System

In a wall-bearing steel framing structure, a building wall whether it is interior or exterior is used to carry the end of structural members that support floor or roof loads.

Wall bearing should be adequately strong to not only be able to carry vertical reactions but also to resist any imposed horizontal loads. Wall bearing framing is suitable for the construction of low-rise structures. 

Long Span Steel Framing

Long-span steel framing is considered when large clearance is required and such long-spanning cannot be realized using steel beams and columns. Long-span steel framing options can be categorized into different types, for instance, girders, trusses, rigid frames, arches, and cantilever suspension spans.