Health care employers are required, by law, to provide their employees with adequate bloodborne pathogen training. The method in which they choose to provide the training is completely up to the employer: in-house training, online courses, employing the services of other instructors, and so on.
Regardless of the method of training chosen, a training course has to cover certain topics, for it to be efficient. Read below for requirements in bloodborne pathogen training.
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• A copy of the standards pertaining to bloodborne pathogens complete with an explanation of the contents has to be made accessible to all employees who undergo the training.
• A training course has to give out a definition and explanation of what epidemiology is. Also, it has to present at least the most common bloodborne disease, as well as their symptoms and how they can be recognized.
• The ways in which pathogens are transmitted from one person to another or from infected materials to a person have to be presented.
• Each health care employer is required to establish and carry out an exposure control plan. Ideally, a written copy of this exposure plan should be given out to employees during the training period.
• The ways in which employees can recognize certain tasks or work-related activities as being at risk for the transmission of bloodborne pathogens have to be presented within the training course.
• A presentation of the main methods and practices used to either reduce or prevent exposure to pathogens, such as engineering and work practice controls. Each method has to be detailed and exemplified in a way which is understandable to those attending the course.
• The types and uses of personal protective equipment (PPE) also have to be presented. Employees should also be shown how to choose the right type, how to handle it, how to put it on, how to decontaminate it, and how to dispose of it. Employers are required to provide the appropriate PPE to each employee, at no cost to the latter.